In the history of the United States, one of the most controversial and talked-about agreements is the “Three-Fifths Compromise”. This agreement was reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787, where the delegates had to decide on how slaves would be counted in the population of each state. The compromise ultimately decided that slaves would be counted as three fifths of a person in determining a state`s representation in Congress and for the purpose of taxation.
The Three-Fifths Compromise has been widely criticized, and for good reason. It was a clear example of the dehumanization and systematic oppression of African Americans. The compromise perpetuated the idea that slaves were just property rather than human beings, and that their worth was only three fifths that of a white person.
The compromise also gave slave-owning states an unfair advantage in Congress. By allowing them to count their slaves as part of their population, it gave them more representation and thus more power in the federal government. This was a crucial factor in the lead up to the Civil War, where the issue of slavery and state representation became a major point of contention.
It`s important to note that the Three-Fifths Compromise was not the only agreement related to slavery during the Constitutional Convention. The Convention also passed the Fugitive Slave Clause, which required states to return runaway slaves to their owners. These two agreements were just a small part of a larger system that perpetuated the inhumane practice of slavery in America.
Today, the Three-Fifths Compromise remains a dark stain on America`s history. It serves as a reminder of the cruelty and injustice that people are capable of when they view others as less than human. It`s important to not forget these moments in history and to continue working towards a more just and equitable society for all people, regardless of race, ethnicity, or background.